Alfalfa reaches a height of more than a meter if not stuffed, the root group is wedge-shaped and deep, its stem is branched, its leaves are three-leafed compound, its leaves are ovate inverted, its inflorescence is vertical, and the flowers are small, about 1.5 centimeters long, and their crowns are pink, blue or purple, the fruit is An open spiral pod containing a large number of seeds. The shape of the seed resembles a kidney.
The green matter, especially the leaves, contains 9.1% carbohydrates, 5% protein, 0.9% fat, and 2.4% mineral compounds (calcium and phosphorous salts), in addition to vitamins. Alfalfa is an important source of chlorophyll and vitamins, as it contains vitamins A and E in large quantities, as well as vitamins B, B1 and D in smaller quantities, and alfalfa is a raw material for obtaining vitamin k hemostatic for bleeding.
In addition to the uses of alfalfa fodder and its milk-producing properties, alfalfa leaf drenched if taken before eating, increases appetite, increases vitality and helps to gain weight, in addition to being a distinct food source for livestock and milkers.