Alfalfa is the most important fodder crop, especially for dairy cows. It is also used as a pasture plant and as fodder for livestock. It increases their growth rate and improve their health. This plant contains large amounts of minerals, proteins and vitamins. Farmers use it in the production of hay and stored fodder, as they grow it as pastures for pastures, and to fertilize the soil and protect it from erosion. Some people grow it indoors, and they feed on its budding seeds known as alfalfa sprouts

Botanical description

Alfalfa reaches a height of more than a meter if not stuffed, the root group is wedge-shaped and deep, its stem is branched, its leaves are three-leafed compound, its leaves are ovate inverted, its inflorescence is vertical, and the flowers are small, about 1.5 centimeters long, and their crowns are pink, blue or purple, the fruit is An open spiral pod containing a large number of seeds. The shape of the seed resembles a kidney.

The green matter, especially the leaves, contains 9.1% carbohydrates, 5% protein, 0.9% fat, and 2.4% mineral compounds (calcium and phosphorous salts), in addition to vitamins. Alfalfa is an important source of chlorophyll and vitamins, as it contains vitamins A and E in large quantities, as well as vitamins B, B1 and D in smaller quantities, and alfalfa is a raw material for obtaining vitamin k hemostatic for bleeding.

Medical Use

In addition to the uses of alfalfa fodder and its milk-producing properties, alfalfa leaf drenched if taken before eating, increases appetite, increases vitality and helps to gain weight, in addition to being a distinct food source for livestock and milkers.